warn that officials need to take urgent action to prevent prisons and jails
from becoming ‘national reservoirs of COVID-19
With the first “community spread” case of COVID-19 reported in North Carolina on Thursday, the state Department of Public Safety and some local sheriffs are taking measures to head off a potentially catastrophic explosion of new cases across the state’s vast network of detention facilities.
The Department of Public Safety, which oversees the state prison system, reported a raft of measures on Thursday, including screening vendors and contractors who do business with facilities, “aggressive cleaning efforts,” screening new prisoners and contractors, limiting transportation of prisoners and thoroughly cleaning buses after use, and waiving medical copays for prisoners reporting fevers and flu-like symptoms.
In Forsyth County, Sheriff Bobby
Kimbrough said during a press conference on Tuesday that he was working with
judges and the district attorney’s office to identify candidates for early
“If the courts are closed, right,
that means no one is going to court,” he said. “But guess what? People are
still committing crimes and people are still being arrested. Which means that
people are coming in and no one’s going out. That creates not only a health issue;
that creates a safety issue. And so many other issues spawn from the decisions
that are being made.”
Kimbrough added that people would
“be surprised” to know the number of people who were in the Forsyth County Law
Enforcement Detention Center because of offenses like failure to pay child
Christina Howell, a spokesperson for
the sheriff, said that the jail, which normally houses about 850 people, was
down by about 30 people as of Thursday, compared to a week earlier. The average
daily population for the jail in 2019 was 850. The reduction over the past
seven days was accomplished by releasing some nonviolent offenders, Howell
said, along with law enforcement officers making citations instead of arrests,
family members posting bond and transfers to state facilities.
Kimbrough said he personally
intervened on March 13 when a man was being booked in the jail for failure to
appear. He said he picked up the phone, called the district attorney’s office
and arranged to have the case continued so the man wouldn’t have to spend the
night in jail.
Howell confirmed that as of later Thursday, no inmates or staff at the Forsyth County jail have tested positive for COVID-19.
The Guilford County Sheriff’s Office is similarly working with the district attorney’s office, district court and public defenders to release inmates with low bonds, the News & Record reported.
experts are sounding increasingly dire warnings about the potential for an
outbreak of COVID-19 in jails and prisons to exponentially worsen the pandemic.
represents a grave and disproportionate threat to incarcerated people, and circulation
of the virus in jails and prisons stands to drive the overall epidemic curve
upward, especially for communities of color,” said Dr. Homer Venters, the
president of Community Oriented Correctional Health Services and previously the
chief medical officer for the New York City Jail system, on Wednesday.
“Reducing the number of incarcerated people — particularly those with
COVID-19 risk factors — is critical to enabling effective outbreak
management behind bars and preventing jails and prisons from becoming national
reservoirs of COVID-19 infection. Emergency actions taken by federal, state and
local governments must contemplate how to reduce the number of people in
detention as well as explicitly plan for hospital-level care for incarcerated
patients who become ill, and the staffing resources to care for those who
Chantal Stevens, interim executive director of the ACLU of North Carolina, warned on Thursday that people confined to prisons and jails are “uniquely vulnerable,” adding that they “have no control over their own movement and are held in close quarters without adequate resources for hygiene, creating the perfect conditions for the dangerous spread of COVID-19.”
Goodmond, a Wake County resident who was formerly incarcerated at Perryville
prison in Arizona, said minimum-security units in state prisons typically
require hundreds of prisoners to share the same bathrooms, showers and washing
year, you know that the colds are going to hit,” Goodmond said. “You know it,
and you have to prepare yourself. You buy this cough syrup that has no type of
alcohol content, because they want to prohibit any type of addiction or
anything, and you get Alka-Seltzers. And that’s how you’re able to combat
whatever cold that’s gonna hit, because you know the minute somebody coughs
that it’s going to spread around instantly.”
To date, no inmates or staff in North Carolina prisons have tested positive for COVID-19.
“We have test kits,” said John Bull, a spokesperson for the state Department of Public Safety. “Tests have been run. More [kits] are on order.
“We don’t have enough potentially,” he added. “We have enough for the time being. That’s why we have ordered more. We hope the supply chain is adequate to stock us as needed. It does not appear to be a critical issue at the moment for us.”
of North Carolina and a host of other groups issued letters on Thursday to the
Public Safety Department and Gov. Roy Cooper, along with prosecutors and law
enforcement, to take steps to reduce the number of people in prisons and jails.
The groups asked Cooper to use his authority “to extend the limits of confinement, commute sentences, grant medical release, and expedite release and parole to the elderly and chronically ill in our prisons.”
the Department of Public Safety has little to no leeway for granting early
release to prisoners.
believe it would take legislation,” he said. “We don’t have much discretion to
release prisoners before their release date. We don’t have the authority to
overrule the courts.”
Goodmond said the frustration with limited test kits on the outside is only magnified in prisons and jails.
“If we’re being slow to test individuals in this quote-unquote free world, to assist them, to provide them with medical treatment that they need, what are we actually doing for the individuals that are incarcerated, closely confined, unable to be quarantined if something does happen?” she asked. “I think what they fail to realize is that people have release dates. The COVID virus is not stopping people from getting out of prison. So, you are about to start releasing people who have possibly been around this virus back into society, and nine times out of 10, they’re being released without any insurance.”
if the state prison system has adequate space and resources to quarantine
prisoners in the event of a significant outbreak, Bull said, “We believe so.
Facilities are working on this on a constant basis to handle those who need to
be in a separate population. There’s all sorts of contingency plans in the
event that a person needs to be separated from the rest of the population. We
believe we have sufficient space to meet the demand.”
The Forsyth County jail is minimizing the risk of interpersonal contact by having inmates take part in first-appearance hearings by video, Howell said. Outside contractors, like new arrestees and detention staff, are going a standard screening process, including having their temperature taken and monitoring for symptoms of respiratory illness. But Howell said that room inspections and body searches continue, as a matter of security.
said the jail currently has 40 beds set aside in case they’re needed for
Guilford County Sheriff’s Office did not return multiple phone calls for this
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